CBT is a psychosocial intervention that is the most widely used evidence-based practice for treating a wide range of mental health issues and  focuses on the development of personal coping strategies that target solving current problems and changing unhelpful patterns in cognitions, behaviours, and emotional regulation.

The CBT model is based on a combination of the principles of behavioural and cognitive psychology and is “problem-focused” and “action-oriented” with the therapist’s role being to assist the client in finding and practising effective strategies to address the identified goals and decrease symptoms of the disorder.

CBT is based on the belief that thought distortions and maladaptive behaviours play a role in the development and maintenance of psychological disorders and that symptoms and associated distress can be reduced by teaching new information-processing skills and coping mechanisms.